Did You Know: History and Facts of Sikhism
Baba Gurditta Ji (1613 – 1638), was the eldest son of the sixth Sikh Guru, Guru Hargobind Ji and Mata Damodari Ji; he was also an elder brother of Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji, the ninth Sikh Guru, and that he and his wife Mata Nihal Kaur Ji were the parents of Guru Har Rai Ji and Dhir Mall.
In the last two world wars, 83,005 turban-wearing Sikh soldiers were killed and 109,045 were wounded.
Gurdwara Bangla Sahib is situated in the heart of New Delhi’s Connaught Place area and originally was the bungalow (haveli) of Mirza Raja Jai Singh, hence the name Bangla Sahib.
Bhai Jivan Singh (1649 – 1705) was the name given to Bhai Jaita after he had received the rites of initiation at the hands of Guru Gobind Singh Ji in 1699; it was he who had risked his life to recover and return the severed head of Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji to Anandpur Sahib in 1675.
Bibi Amro Ji, daughter of Guru Angad Dev Ji, the second Master and Mata Khivi Ji was the noble woman who deserves the credit of attracting Amar Das Ji, an idol worshipper, to Sikhism and showing him the way to become Guru Amar Das, the 3rd Master.
Guru Nanak Ji is believed to be the second most travelled person in the world. The founder Sikh Guru is believed to have travelled more than 28,000 kms in five major tours of the world during the period from 1500 to 1524. The record for the most travelled person is held by Ibn Battuta of Morocco.
The first Gurdwara in the whole of America was built in 1908 in Vancouver British Columbia, Canada under the management of the Khalsa Diwan Society. This Gurdwara Sahib served the Greater Vancouver Sikh community until new Gurdwara Sahib was occupied on April 25th, 1970.
Pandit Kirpa Ram was at the head of the group of Kashmiri Brahmins who came to see Guru Tegh Bahadar at Anandpur sahib in May 1675 for protection against the atrocities of Aurangzeb. Also that Pandit ji was Guru Gobind Singh’s Sanskrit teacher.
The word Ardas is derived from the Persian word ‘Arazdashat’, meaning a request, a supplication, a prayer, a petition or an address to a superior authority.
Siropa is a term adopted from Persian sar-o-pa (head and foot) or sarapa (head to foot) meaning an honorary dress and is used in Sikh vocabulary for a garment, scarf or a length of cloth bestowed on someone as a mark of honour.
Shri Guru Granth Sahib Ji provides guidance for Muslims!; Yes, no other historical Islamic verse holds such strong contempt for Muslims who fail to carry out the daily Nimaz as can be attributed to Hazrat Baba Sheikh Farid as recorded in the Shri Guru Granth Sahib.
Tarn Taran Sahib is an important centre of Sikh pilgrimage 24 km south of Amritsar, which was founded by Guru Arjan Dev Ji in 1596. Six years earlier, on 13 April 1590, he had inaugurated the conversion of a natural pond lying along the Delhi Lahore highway into a rectangular tank.
Langar is a Sikh free kitchen that was started by the first Sikh Guru, Guru Nanak Dev Ji in the fifteenth century. It is designed to uphold the principle of equality between all people of the world regardless of their religion, caste, colour, creed, age, gender or social status. In addition to the ideals of equality, the tradition of Langar expresses the ethics of sharing, community, inclusiveness and oneness of all humankind. “
Takhat Damdama Sahib is one of five takhats or Seat of Authority of the Sikhs. This takhat is situated at Bathinda in Punjab, India and is the place where Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the tenth Guru of the Sikhs prepared the full version of the Sikh Scriptures called Sri Guru Granth Sahib in 1705.
For the Sikhs, the final goal of life is to reunite or merge with God (Mukti). The Sikh Gurus taught that to achieve this goal it was important to work hard at developing positive human qualities which lead the soul closer to God.
Hazrat Mian Mir was a famous Muslim Sufi saint who is highly respected by the Sikhs. He was a close friend of the Sikh leader Guru Arjan Dev Ji, upon whose invitation he laid the foundation stone of the famous Sikh Golden Temple in Amritsar on 3 January 1588.
Gurdwara Dukh Nivaran Sahib Patiala marks the place where Guru Tegh Bahadur visited village Lehal on 24 January 1672 and stayed under a banyan tree by the side of a pond. Soon the sickness in the village subsided. The site where the Guru had sat came to be known as “Dukh Nivaran” literally meaning Eradicator of suffering.
Tarna Dal, the army of the youth, was one of the two main divisions of Dal Khalsa, the confederated army of the Sikhs during the eighteenth century, the other one being the Buddha Dal (army of the elders)
Gurdwara Nanak Shahi Dhaka in Dhaka is one of the seven known Gurdwaras in Bangladesh. It is the most important historic Gurdwara in this country, commemorating the visit of Guru Nanak in 1506-1507. This Gurdwara is said to have been built in 1830.
Guru Angad Dev Ji invented and introduced the Gurmukhi (written form of Punjabi) script and made it known to all Sikhs. The scripture of the Guru Granth Sahib Ji is written in Gurmukhi. This scripture is also the basis of the Punjabi language. It became the script of the masses very soon.
Guru Arjan Dev Ji was the third son of Guru Ram Das ji. He compiled the Adi Granth, the scriptures of the Sikhs, and wrote the Sukhmani Sahib. To make it a universal teaching, Guru ji included in it hymns of Muslim saints as well those of low-caste pariah saints who were never permitted to enter various temples.
Guru Har Gobind Sahib Ji was the son of Guru Arjan Dev and was known as a “soldier saint,” Guru Hargobind ji organised a small army, explaining that extreme non-violence and pacifism would only encourage evil and so the principles of Miri-Piri were established. Guru ji taught that it was necessary to take up the sword in order to protect the weak and the oppressed.